Natural field freeze-thaw process leads to different performances of soil amendments towards Cd immobilization and enrichment

Hou, Renjie, Wang, Liuwei, O'Connor, David, Rinklebe, Jörg and Hou, Deyi (2022) Natural field freeze-thaw process leads to different performances of soil amendments towards Cd immobilization and enrichment. Science of the Total Environment, 831. p. 154880. ISSN 0048-9697

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Cadmium (Cd) soil pollution is a global issue affecting crop production and food safety. Remediation methods involving in-situ Cd immobilization have been developed, but their effectiveness can diminish under seasonal freeze-thaw aging processes. In this study, we assessed the field performance of four soil treatments at a seasonally frozen rice paddy. Amendments were applied at 2 wt%, including: (i) sepiolite (a 2:1 clay mineral), (ii) superphosphate, (iii) biochar (produced by rice husk at 500 °C for 2 h), and (iv) joint application of biochar & superphosphate (1:1 mixture by weight). Immobilization performance was determined as DTPA extractable Cd and plant uptake in various organs. Overall, the four treatments significantly reduced Cd bioavailability during the plant growth period, with average DTPA-extractable concentrations decreasing by 43%, 34%, 39% and 45% for the four treatments, respectively, relative to untreated soil (control). Rice grain yields from the superphosphate and the joint application treatments increased by 8.0% and 11.8%, respectively, and Cd accumulation within those grains reduced by 14.3% and 48.9%, respectively. During the winter non-growth period, freeze-thaw aging facilitated Cd mobilization, with DTPA-extractable Cd increasing by 16.9% in the control soil, relative to the initial period. However, this reduced to 10.9%, 14.4%, 7.6% and 5.0%, for the sepiolite, superphosphate, biochar and joint application treatments, respectively. Overall, the joint application of biochar and superphosphate provided the best performance in terms of both long-term Cd immobilization and rice production enhancement, offering a green remediation option for risk management at Cd contaminated rice paddies in seasonally frozen regions.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Soil quality Soil amendment Bioavailability Sustainable remediation Toxic metal(loid)s
Divisions: Real Estate and Land Management
Depositing User: Dr David O'Connor
Date Deposited: 16 May 2022 15:19
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2024 05:30

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