Manganese stabilization in mine tailings by MgO-loaded rice husk biochar: Performance and mechanisms

Zhao, Bin, Peng, Tianyue, Hou, Renjie, Huang, Yao, Zong, Wenjing, Jin, Yuanliang, O'Connor, David, Kumar, Sahub and Zhang, Hao (2022) Manganese stabilization in mine tailings by MgO-loaded rice husk biochar: Performance and mechanisms. Chemosphere, 308 (Part 1). p. 136292. ISSN 0045-6535

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Leachable metal in abandoned mine tailings may be toxic to vegetation, affecting effective ecological restoration. In this study, MRB was synthesized through MgCl2·6H2O wet impregnation followed by duplicate slow pyrolysis. Manganese tailings were mixed with MRB, rice husk biochar (RB), and MgO at a dosage of 0-5%, followed by 90-day incubation. Toxicity characteristic leaching procedure and sequential leaching were used to analyze the leachability and species of Mn in tailings, while a stabilization mechanism was proposed with the support of the characterization of the tailings before and after amendment. Results suggested MRB addition significantly decreased leachable Mn by 63.8%, reducing from 59.88 mg/L to 21.68 mg/L, while only a 14.39% reduction was achieved by rice husk biochar (RB). The sharp decline of leachable Mn after 90-day mixing was contributed by the transformation from labile to stable fractions. A microporous biochar matrix along with the uniform dispersion of MgO active component were both responsible for the better Mn stabilization. Only less than 10% of the variation in substrate pH was observed with the increase of MgO loading or incubation time. Linear correlation analyses indicated substrate pH’s strong negative relationship with leachable Mn and moderate positive relationship with residual fraction. Characterization results revealed that MRB exhibited different stabilization mechanisms in mine tailings, where Mn was likely to be stabilized by direct interaction with active MgO or indirect alkaline precipitation to form stable MgMn2O4, Mn(CH3COO)2, and MnO(OH)2. This work validated the promoting potential of recycling agricultural biomass waste for the amendment of manganese mine tailings.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Mn stabilization, Mine tailings, Magnesium oxides, Mechanism identification, Synthesis and characterization
Divisions: Real Estate and Land Management
Depositing User: Dr David O'Connor
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2022 13:45
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2022 13:45

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