Entrepreneurial performance of new-generation rural migrant entrepreneurs in China

Ma, Hongyu, Yongmei, Carol Zhang, Butler, Allan, Guo, Pengyu and Bozward, David (2021) Entrepreneurial performance of new-generation rural migrant entrepreneurs in China. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research. ISSN 1355-2554

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Purpose – China has a new rural revitalization strategy to stimulate rural transformation through modernizing rural areas and resolving their social contradictions. While social capital is recognized as an important element to rural revitalization and entrepreneurship, research into the role of psychological capital is less developed. Therefore, this paper assesses the impact of both social and psychological capital on entrepreneurial performance of Chinese new-generation rural migrant entrepreneurs (NGRMEs) who have returned to their homes to develop businesses as part of the rural revitalization revolution. Design/methodology/approach – Based on a survey, data were collected from 525 NGRMEs in Shaanxi province. This paper uses factor analysis to determine variables for a multiple linear regression model to investigate the impacts of dimensions of both social capital and psychological capital on NGRMEs’ entrepreneurial performance. Findings – Through the factor analysis, social capital of these entrepreneurs consists of five dimensions (reputation, participation, networks, trust and support), psychological capital has three dimensions (innovation and risk-taking, self-efficacy and entrepreneurial happiness) and entrepreneurial performance contains four dimensions (financial, customer, learning and growth, and internal business process). Furthermore, the multiple linear regression model empirically verifies that both social capital and psychological capital significantly influence and positively correlate with NGRMEs’ entrepreneurial performance. Originality/value – This study shows the importance of how a mixture of interrelated social and psychological dimensions influence entrepreneurial performance that may contribute to the success of the Chinese rural revitalization strategy. This has serious implications when attempting to improve the lives of over 100 million rural Chinese citizens.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Social capital, Rural, Entrepreneurship
Divisions: Business and Entrepreneurship
Depositing User: Dr Carol Zhang
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2022 14:27
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2022 14:27
URI: https://rau.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/16506

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